Tzedakah” - Stories of righteous ones in the Netherlands - Saving Jews from the
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The Middle Ages
produced two identifiable groups of Hebrew’s (Jews), each having a
distinct way of life, literature, and philosophy, but both having the same
faith in the One God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. In Spain Jews were know to
have arrived by around the year 500 AD for there is a well known head stone
known as the Trilingual Headstone, which is in first
in Hebrew, followed by Greek and Latin. The stone is from the 6th.centuty to the tomb of
a young Jewess named “Meliosa,” being the daughter of Yahuda and
Miriam, bearing testimony to the presence of Jews living in Sevile at the time
of the *Visigoths.
The Trilingual Headstone
*A member of the western Goths that invaded the Roman Empire in the
fourth century a.d. and settled in
France and Spain, establishing a monarchy that lasted until the early eighth
There was one-way of life dominant from around
600 AD, whilst another came into being later. The first of the Jewish groups
were known as the Sephardic, or Spanish Judaism, then later came the Ashkenazi,
or German - Eastern European Jews. The Sephardi Jews being the older and more
sophisticated group, were famed for their vitality in teaching and learning,
especially during the Middle Ages. Many great Hebrew scholars were produced in Spain and Portugal, some of who would
later settle in the Netherlands.
Jews gathered together around their rabbi to learn from the Scriptures
in Hebrew the Torah (Five Books of Moses) and the Tanach (the writings, Psalms
and the Prophets)
Earlier, under Roman rule, Hebrew life in Spain
was reasonable. Later Muslims ruled part of Spain,
whilst the Roman “Christians”
governed the rest. Under Muslim rule the Children of Israel lived happily and
safely, for Islam respected Israel's
faith in “One God.”
With the Roman Christians, the Hebrew’s did not fare at all well,
although there was the exception to the rule. The first restrictions were
imposed on the Hebrew population by the first Christian king, Reccared l, 586
to 601. He formally announced that he had converted to the Roman Catholic faith
and established it as the religion of the state. For some of the Spanish
population this would have a positive effect. For the Hebrew community the effect
was immediate. Some time later persecution generally abated under the just rule
of Swinthila, 621 to 631. Hebrew’s that had left owing to the previous
hardships now returned to their homes, and those who had been forced into the
Roman Catholic faith by Reccared, returned to their fold. However, all too
soon, Sisinand, who acted on the Bishop’s orders, overthrew Swinthila. He
re-enforced all previous restrictions on the Children of Israel. In this
manner, life continued for the Hebrew’s in Spain,
never knowing what their fate would be tomorrow. Years later after various
restrictions and persecutions, the scene became even more ugly.
In the thirteenth century more and more
restriction were imposed on the Jews in Spain
and Synagogues were taken away and were converted into churches.
One of the large Synagogues that
was stolken and turned into a church
On Ash Wednesday, March 15 1391, a mob broke
into the Jewish quarter of Seville.
The Governor of the city had two of the leaders of the mob seized and publicly
whipped. This action only angered the mob even more. On the 6th, the population
surrounded the Jewish quarter and the carnage started. Four thousand Jewish,
men, women, and children were brutally murdered.
Here we see what is left of the
ancient Jewish quarter
Soon enough Jewish homes were plundered and
burned to the ground. Some were forced into christening in order to save their
lives. As it was said, “Between
fire and blood, some chose the waters of baptism” whist other chose
death! In Cardova the entire Jewish quarter was burned down and a
further two thousand perished by the brutal hands of so-called
“Christian” Spain. The rampage continued. In Ecijca and Carmona and
not one single Jew survived. Corpses were scattered in the streets as far as the
eyes could see. Then, on the fast day of the seventeenth of Tammuz, June 20, a
frightful butchery took place in Toledo.
Here again, some chose christening rather than death. The same scene occurred
in over seventy Castilian towns. During this rampant holocaust, over fifty
thousand Jews were massacred, while those that had now been christened numbered
many thousands. During this time, the only safety for the Children of Israel,
in dispersion was in areas governed by the Muslims and they were willing to protect
them as brothers!
Jews that were forced to accept the Roman
Catholic faith hated christianity with all their heart and soul, for they knew
it was a religion of pure hatred and that these evil people would murder babies
and children and their enforcers would in the name of their Jesus do hideous
unmentionable things and then force the to be christened. Thus they longed to
throw away the hideous and murderous the mask of Catholicism. Some were
fortunate to escape to Granada,
or North Africa,
where they speedily rejoined their beloved Synagogues. The majority, however,
who were compelled to remain in Spain, secretly lived a Jewish life as far as
it was possible, fulfilling the obligations of the faith of their fathers,
whilst in public demeaning themselves as Roman Catholics. The people of Spain
hated these fictitious Christians or Crypto-Jews, and called them “Maranos,” or “the accursed.”
Ironically, they would be even more hated than those who were openly true to
their Jewish faith.
By the fifteenth century, some Jews had, in
spite of all things, found favour and even very high positions. During the
reign of Henry IV of Castile,
1454 to 1474, and John II of Aragon
1458 to 1479, Jewish physicians attended them. They were Jacob Ibn Numez whom
Henry named Chief Rabbi of Castile,
and Abiathar Ibn Crescas, who restored King John's eyesight by two skilful
operations. During this time, reason once again prevailed, but not for long.
Upon the death of Henry, Isabella mounted the throne of Castile
in 1474. Ferdinand her consort was proclaimed, King of Castile. Five years
later, Ferdinand succeeded his father in Aragon
and practically the whole of Christian Spain was united. Isabella was a zealous
Roman Catholic, and was extremely bigoted. Suspecting the “Maranos,” a bill was
issued on November 1, 1478, with the full blessing of yet another evil and
ungodly Pope, authorising the “Inquisition.”
Many Maranos fled from Seville,
Cardova, and Toledo
to Cadiz. Even though the
local Governor would gladly have protected them, he was ordered by the
Inquisitors to return them to Seville.
February 6, 1481 brought in the first so-called “act of faith” (Auto da fe), with six men and women
being burned at the stake. By the end of October some three hundred had
perished in this way, while some eighty had been imprisoned for life. All
possessions were taken into the royal coffers. Believe it or not, but even dead
Jews were not spared. They were formally charged with having relapsed to their
Jewish faith, their bones were exhumed and committed to the flames, while their
estates were confiscated. Those who had fled the land were burned in effigy, so
great was the madness of the Roman (Babylonian-pagan)
Church in Spain.
Throughout Europe, there were groups of Christians, who
rejected by the corrupt Church of Rome. These faithful Christians also felt the
evil hand of Romanism in their communities. They, together with the Jewish
People were burnt at the stake, or were drowned because these Christians
believed in “adult immersion
(baptism).” These courageous believers were known as “the Protesters” or “Baptisers.” Yet, their
Roman Catholic persecutors were supposed to be Christian and follow
Jesus’ example. However, history proves that they, especially the popes
seldom lived according to the commandments and teaching Christ. Yet, his
teaching s so clearly recorded for them in the New Testament.
“Blessed are the Merciful, for they
shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the Pure in Heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the Peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of
God” Matthew 5: 7-9.
The New Covenant makes it quite clear that in
the end time, Rome the “city of the seven hills”, is clearly
identified with “the harlot,” the “the beast,”
“dripping with blood of the saints,” who shall be “utterly be
cut off” and destroyed in the end as will be all her followers and
cohorts, unless they repent and “return to the Almighty in Spirit and in
“Ever since the time of your forefathers
you have turned away from my decrees and have not kept them. Return to Me, and
I will return to you," says the LORD Almighty.” Malachi 3:7.
According to prophecy, Israel
would be scattered and hunted by their enemies, in this case, by a group who
called themselves “the
Church.” It is no wonder that Yahushua, Jesus (his original Hebrew
name = Yahushua) the New Testament declares these persecutors as “Tares” or “Heathen.” Righteous ones
are known as the “Wheat of the
Harvest.” In fact, this is based on an excellent Hebrew parable,
and much can be learned from it unto this day.
According to the book of Matthew, Jesus spoke
about this counterfeit wheat, the “tares.”
It needs to be understood that the “tare”
when still a sapling looks just like - wheat. However when it is fully grown it
is deadly poisonous. Thus those who called themselves Christians but, behaved
otherwise, were in fact “tares”
and are deadly poisonous, as history has so clearly proved.
A righteous follower of Jesus will uphold his
words and pray for those that come against them, and would not murder, but
uphold Jesus’ words, and live to serve him, thus being “Merciful, pure in heart and be a
Part Two of this book deals with individuals
who by conduct and actions prove themselves to be, “Righteous” and “Christian” in the true sense of that word!
The question must be asked, “Who was to blame for the crazed
outbursts against Israel?”
The LORD God? … Israel?
… Or, was it those who perpetrated the evil attacks against, Jewish men,
women, and children?
The answer is not a simple one. Israel,
the people of God, had the Torah, the Holy Scriptures, and Commandments from
days of old. Israel
was clearly warned by YHVH (the LORD) the result of disobedience. Prophet after
prophet warned Israel,
to, “Turn (return) again unto the
LORD” with the promise that “God
would return unto them,” and bless them. However, at that time, as
the prophet Jeremiah stated in his book, they did not return, and Israel and Judah was carried off to
Assyria and Babylon. Later still, Israel
was driven to the “four corners
of the earth.” Israel must therefore carry
a share of the blame, due to the mere fact that, through the sin of
disobedience and sin Israel
(temporally) lost the “Land
However, God did not give licence to “Ha
Goyim - the Nations,” to hate, persecute and murder His people.
This they did by their own evil doings and their punishment has been made quite
clear in the Scriptures
“As you have done unto them (unto Israel)
so shall I do unto you” Obadiah 1: 15.
the lesson is clearly given unto them in the Torah. An analogy is found in the
book of Exodus, which shows that Egypt
the land of bondage scripturally is a type, a picture of Sin, while Pharaoh is
a picture of the evil ones who stand against the true God of all Creation!
Moses typifies the Redeemer, the promised Moshiach (Messiah), and Israel, the Land of Promise, a
true picture of Hope, Salvation, and Resurrection. Israel
has the Word of God, and they must remain faithful to it at all times, keeping
Torah (the Law). For YHVH (the
LORD), blessed be His Holy Name, redeemed His people out of bondage from Egypt.
Indeed, the dispersion was due to Israel's
sins, but all the evil that was laid upon them will be dealt with on judgement
day. All people, without exception, be they a king, or subject, if they hated,
robbed, hurt, murdered even one Jew they will have Scripturally done so to
their own detriment.
YHVH (the LORD), blessed be His Holy Name,
clearly said that all enemies of Israel, who pursue evil
against them, will suffer as much as they have made Israel
“He that pursues evil will pursue it to
his own death” Proverbs 11: 19.
“As you have done it unto Israel,
so will it be done unto you” Obadiah, verse 15.
Go to Chapter Four
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